In a recent paper, Ugo Fratesi, Paola Proietti and I have documented the negative correlation between social capital and the propensity to host refugees and asylum seekers.
This paper investigates the institutional and socio-economic determinants of the location of asylum seekers in the case of Italy where, to face the pressure of arrivals, a complex multi-level system of hosting has been set up. In this system, asylum seekers are allocated to local communities through periodic calls (i.e. with a bottom-up procedure where communities bid for them). This makes it an interesting case, in which local attitudes and economic opportunities are both at play. The econometric analysis explores the economic, social and political drivers of such redistribution findings that, counterintuitively, social capital is negatively related to willingness to host asylum seekers, probably due to the desire to maintain cohesive communities.